Effective Ways to Evaluate Seed Performance in August
1. Standability and Plant HealthThe first thing I evaluate when I walk up to a corn field is whether or not plants are standing. It may seem obvious, but this is a major indicator of various issues that can arise. If the plant is root lodged or goosenecked, try to deduce the cause so you can adjust and prevent the issue next season. Common causes of lodging can be root rot, corn rootworm pressure and roots that did not set properly.
In August, it’s also a great idea to get out into your corn fields and dig up some roots. Take a look at how deep the roots penetrated and how much they spread out. Roots are a great diagnostic test for the plant’s health and success. Evaluations like this will help determine if you put the right hybrid with the right root type on the right soil.
I also take notice of how healthy and green the plant is as these factors directly correlate to test weight and grain fill. Consistent ear set is also critical. If ear height is fluctuating throughout a field, it often means emergence wasn’t even and causes inconsistencies in ear size and uniformity, which is a concern because uniform ear set helps drive yields to the highest potential.
Like in corn, standability is a priority in soybeans as well. Plants should look disease free, big, bushy and tall. Evaluate how effective your prescription rates were and how they affected the standability of your soybeans. Could you have bumped the population up a bit? Do you need to take it down a bit next time?
2. Disease PressureOnce you’ve looked at plant health and standability, go a bit further into the field and examine leaves to check for disease pressure. How did the hybrid’s rating hold up? Does this hybrid have the resistance it needs to thrive among the disease spectrum in this field? After answering these questions, you may determine it’s best to go with a different kind of hybrid in the future.
In soybeans, iron deficiency chlorosis (IDC) tolerance is an important factor to evaluate at this point in the season. If you find big pockets of IDC, you may need to choose a variety with a better IDC score in the future.
3. Insect PressureThere are a few key insects you should be checking your corn fields for right now. The first: European corn borer. These pests burrow into the stalk and sometimes the corn ear, cob or kernels. When present in high enough populations, they can cause lodging. In corn growing regions further west, Western bean cutworm can become a serious problem. They cause a lot of ear feeding and can blow through many of the existing traits. If you discover an issue, it must be managed with a trait moving forward because that’s currently one of the only effective ways to control it.
4. Herbicide EfficacyAugust is a good time to start evaluating how your herbicide programs worked this season, especially if you used the XtendFlex® or Enlist E3® soybean systems. Evaluate weed pressure and identify how the trait fits into your operation. For example, if you planted XtendFlex soybeans but weren’t able to get back into the field to make an effective application before the cutoff date due to logistic challenges or other factors, Enlist soybeans may be a better choice for you next year. On the other hand, if you planted Enlist soybeans but your burndown didn’t work as well as you’d hoped to clear your no-till fields, you might consider switching to XtendFlex soybeans in 2022.
5. Nutrient DeficiencyAs you’re doing your August walk through, look closely at leaves three, four and five from the base of the corn plant. These will be the most telling of nutrient deficiencies. If you notice visual deficiency symptoms and they have progressed quite far up the plant, consider managing those factors by choosing more fitting hybrids moving forward, especially if nitrogen is the nutrient in question.
Response-to nitrogen (RTN) scores, based on randomized, replicated research trials conducted at WinField® United Answer Plot® locations, are a valuable tool to use in determining the right hybrid for nitrogen-deficient fields. If you’re planting on ground with low natural fertility and low organic matter that doesn’t supply much nitrogen naturally through mineralization, selecting a low-RTN hybrid is generally a better choice.
If you notice a deficiency, it may also illuminate opportunities to improve your fall fertility strategy or overall nutrient program.
A Few Final Takeaways
- If a field has a history of the same disease or deficiency, choose a hybrid intended to combat that issue.
- Use August observations to help inform an effective harvest order.
- If you identify an issue, ask yourself if it’s truly because of the hybrid itself or if there was a missed management opportunity that could have supported the hybrid more effectively.
To get RTN scores or learn more about 2021 seed evaluation, contact your local WinField United retailer.
All photos are either the property of WinField United or used with permission.
© 2021 WinField United. Important: Before use always read and follow label instructions. Crop performance is dependent on several factors many of which are beyond the control of WinField United, including without limitation, soil type, pest pressures, agronomic practices and weather conditions. Growers are encouraged to consider data from multiple locations, over multiple years and to be mindful of how such agronomic conditions could impact results. Answer Plot and WinField are trademarks of WinField United. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
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